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​1. Old-fashioned dishonest political bosses

2. Criminal groups want to choose sheriff, prosecutor or judge, to avoid prison.

3. Thieves want to benefit from millions of dollars in contracts, land use decisions or other regulations. 

4. Foreigners want to support one side, or destabilize government by defeating incumbents. Republicans think domestic hackers are more likely. Democrats think foreigners are a bigger threat. Voters in whichever party wins have little interest in reform.

5. Examples of software errors and hackers, in elections and elsewhere
1870 Cartoon of Boss Tweed saying he can win if he counts the votes
Check election counts
      How does each state check (audit)?
      Compare methods, video or 15 pages

Defend all aspects of elections (14 pages)
Join other people in your city & state
Be an election observer: tips and training
​  ​
Check absentee ballots

Many comparions of state election rules

Model laws and comments on laws & rules
Hacks & bugs
     Past experience
     Errors by election machines in past elections
​     Equipment is at high risk at manufacturers
     Hacks of offline computers
Check election results
     Citizens check counts in some states
     Sample sizes needed and risks

Find your elected officials and candidates
     Find their staff
     Comments on Federal & state laws & rules
     Prosecutions are rare; penalties are light

Other basic issues for good elections
      Tally sheets for hand counting 
      Manuals for Poll Workers
      Election website reviews:
           Connecticut 2014
           Texas 2022 
     Election office procedures + contracts:
           Drop boxes
           Processing absentee ballots
           Logs & contracts involving absentee ballots 
           Transcribing unreadable ballots
           Providing election results online
           Letters answering requests for records
           Chart of answers
           Costs of administering elections
           Tiny staffs certify voting machines
           Proof-reading ballots: in MD one person programs 3,000-5,000 ballot types, and one person checks 5 of them, while Los Angeles says they proofread 120,000 ballot types (pp.10-11). PA says, "Proofread all balloting materials at every stage of setup and production. It is recommended to use more than one proofreader." Utah checklist includes audio. Advice is to check every pdf, paper, screen & audio
      Locks, seals, transport, storage for ballots
      Stories about machine scans of ballots 
      Issues with citizens checking voter registration lists
      Worldwide information

News about election processes:
      Votebeat articles mostly on swing states
      College journalism on state governments
      Green papers with much background

About + Contact + Copyright + Privacy
       Op-ed on CNN 
       Research articles on audits and ballot storage
​       Video ads
Locations of Site Visitors
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2 people on laptops
graph of state election policies
map of state audit policies
map of state policies on release of ballot images