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​1. Old-fashioned dishonest political bosses

2. Criminal groups want to choose sheriff, prosecutor or judge, to avoid prison.

3. Thieves want to benefit from millions of dollars in contracts, land use decisions or other regulations. Governments in the US spend $7 trillion per year, and are chosen by 100 million ballots per year. So the average ballot controls $70,000 of spending, half federal, half state and local.

4. Foreigners want to support one side, or destabilize government by defeating incumbents. Republicans think domestic hackers are more likely. Democrats think foreigners are a bigger threat. Voters in whichever party wins have little support for reform.

5. Examples of software errors and hackers, in elections and elsewhere
1870 Cartoon of Boss Tweed saying he can win if he counts the votes
Checking elections happens in some states
Join other people in your city & state
Be an election observer: tips and training

Neutralize bugs & hacks 
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Citizens check counts in some states

Model laws for better elections
Errors by election machines in past elections
​Equipment is at high risk at manufacturers
Hacks of offline computers
Sample sizes needed to detect errors
Compare risks of different audit methods

Find your elected officials and candidates
Find their staff
Comments on Federal & state laws & rules
Prosecutions are rare; penalties are light

Draft Report Card on state elections

Other basic issues for good elections
      Tally sheets for hand counting 
      Manuals for Poll Workers
      Election website reviews:
           Connecticut 2014
           Texas 2022 
      Election office procedures + contracts: VBM, web, etc.
      Locks, seals, transport, storage for ballots
      Stories about machine scans of ballots 
      Buying new election machines
      Worldwide information

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       Op-ed on CNN 

       Research articles on audits and ballot storage

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